Pilot Guidelines - Visual Flight Rules (VFR)

For a VFR flight in real life, you do not have to file a flightplan. In our virtual world however, a flightplan should always be filed.

VFR stands for Visual Flight Rules. The pilot must fly and navigate with visual reference to the surface. Due to this, there are certain weather criteria that must be met for a VFR flight to take place.

VFR flights are not permitted in Class A airspace, so there are no criteria.

There is no Class B airspace within the EPWW FIR, so we will not explain the criteria.

VFR Flight in Class C, Class D and Class E airspace:

At or above FL100:

1,500 metres horizontally away from cloud 1,000ft vertically away from cloud In flight visibility of at least 8km

Below FL100:

1,500 metres horizontally away from cloud 1,000ft vertically away from cloud In flight visibility of at least 5km

An aircraft is deemed to have complied with the below FL100 restrictions if the aircraft is not a helicopter and:

it flies at or below 3,000ft amsl it flies at a speed which is 140KIAS or less remains clear of cloud, with the surface in sight and an in flight visibility of at least 5km

If it is a helicopter, it is deemed to have complied with the below FL100 restrictions if:

it flies at or below 3,000ft amsl it remains clear of cloud, with the surface in sight and an in flight visibility of at least 1,500 metre

The following is a transcript of a VFR flight, SP-ABC, a Cessna 172 from Krakow to Katowice:

SP-ABC:
Krakow Tower, good morning, SP-ABC, A Cessna 172 with information Zulu, request vfr clearance to Katowice.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Krakow Tower, good morning, Information Zulu correct, Clearence to Katowice as fild departure runway 25 after departure fly DCT Zulu, Not above altitude 2000ft, squawk 7011 .

SP-ABC:
Clearence to Katowice as fild departure runway 25 after departure fly DCT Zulu, Not above altitude 2000ft, squawk 7011, SP-ABC.

(The aircraft may request the QFE, make sure you have calculated it.)

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Readback is correct call for startup.

SP-ABC:
Ready for startup, SP-ABC.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC,Startup is Approved call for taxi.

SP-ABC:
Startup is approved and report when ready to taxi, SP-ABC.

SP-ABC:
Ready to taxi, SP-ABC.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Taxi to holding point rwy 25 via A (alfa)

SP-ABC:
Taxi to holding point rwy 25 via A, SP-ABC.

Our flight continues:

SP-ABC:
Krakow Tower, SP-ABC holding point runway 25, ready for departure.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, line up runway 25.

SP-ABC:
Line up runway 25, SP-ABC.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, cleared for take-off rwy 25, surface wind 240 degrees 12 knots report DCT Z (Zulu).

SP-ABC:
Cleared for take-off rwy 25 report DCT Z, SP-ABC.

(Always specify the direction of turn after departure for a VFR flight.)

SP-ABC:
Krakow Tower, SP-ABC over Z.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Contact Krakow Approach 121.075.

SP-ABC:
121.075 Bye. SP-ABC

--

SP-ABC:
Krakow Approach, SP-ABC Helo 2000feet outbond Z.

EPKK_APP:
SP-ABC, Krakow Approach Helo identified continue as field.

SP-ABC:
Continue as Field. SP-ABC.

EPKK_APP:
SP-ABC, Contact Katowiece Tower 119.975

SP-ABC:
Contact Katowiece Tower 119.975.

SP-ABC:
Katowice Tower, SP-ABC over G , 2000feet.

EPKT_TWR:
SP-ABC, Katowice Tower helo after Point "X" join to left traffic pattern rwy 27 QNH 1003 report downwind.

SP-ABC:
Roger after Point "X" join to left traffic pattern rwy 27 QNH 1003 report downwind.

---

SP-ABC:
Downwind SP-ABC.

EPKT_TWR:
SP-ABC, Report Final rwy 27 QNH 1003.

SP-ABC:
Report Final rwy 27 QNH 1003. SP-ABC

SP-ABC:
On Final rwy 27, SP-ABC

EPKT_TWR:
SP-ABC, Wind 270 degrees 7 knots you are clear to land rwy 27

SP-ABC:
Clear to land rwy 27.

SP-ABC:
Runway 27 vacted via A

---

EPKT_TWR:
SP-ABC, Taxi to stand nr 38 via A, E.

SP-ABC:
Taxi to stand nr 38 via A, E. SP-ABC

SP-ABC:
On blocks. SP-ABC

EPKT_TWR:
SP-ABC, Roger Flight plan close havy nice day.

 

The following is a transcript of a VFR flight, SP-ABC, a Cessna 172 remaining in the circuit at Krakow:

SP-ABC:
Krakow, good morning, SP-ABC, A Cessna 172 with Zulu 1004, request clearance for traffic pattern.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Krakow Tower, good morning,Information Zulu correct Clear to right traffic pattern runway 25 not above 2000ft, Q1004.

SP-ABC:
Clear to right traffic pattern runway 25 not above 2000ft, Q1004, SP-ABC.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Correct,call for startup.

SP-ABC:
Roger report when ready Startup, SP-ABC.

SP-ABC:
SP-ABC, Ready for Startup.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC,Startup is approved call for taxi .

SP-ABC:
Startup is approved report when ready to taxi, SP-ABC

SP-ABC:
Krakow Tower, SP-ABC Ready to taxi.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC,Taxi to holding point rwy 25 via A .

SP-ABC:
STaxi to holding point rwy 25 via A, SP-ABC

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, line up runway 25.

SP-ABC:
Line up runway 25, SP-ABC.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Surface wind 240 degrees 12 knots you are clear for take-off rwy 25 report downwind.

SP-ABC:
Cleared for take-off rwy 25 report Downwind, SP-ABC.

---

SP-ABC:
Downwind. SP-ABC

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, What are the intentions?.

SP-ABC:
Request Touch and go, SP-ABC.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Roger, number one runway 25, report final.

SP-ABC:
Report final, SP-ABC.

---

SP-ABC:
SP-ABC, Finals.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, Surface wind 230 degrees 8 knots you are clear to touch and go rwy 25 report downwind.

SP-ABC:
Cleared touch and go rwy 25 report downwind, SP-ABC.

---

SP-ABC:
Downwind, SP-ABC

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, What are the intentions?.

SP-ABC:
SP-ABC, Full stop.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, roger, you are number 2 to a Boeing 737 on a 3 mile final, caution wake vortex, recommended spacing is 5 miles, orbit at the end of the downwind leg as necessary, report final.

SP-ABC:
Traffic in sight, will call final, SP-ABC.

---

SP-ABC:
SP-ABC, Final runway 25.

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, roger, Surface wind 260 degrees 6 knots you are clear to land rwy 25.

SP-ABC:
Cleared to land, SP-ABC.

---

EPKK_TWR:
SP-ABC, taxi to stand nr 10 via D, B, A.

SP-ABC:
Taxi to stand nr 10 via D, B, A, SP-ABC.